It is a herbaceous perennial which grows into annual pseudostems about one metre tall, bearing slender leaf blades. The inflorescences undergo flora, having faded yellow petals with red edges that occur at once from the rhizome on separate shoots.
Ginger is in the household Zingiberaceae, which additionally consists of turmeric, cardamom, and galangal. Ginger originated in Southeast Asia and was probably domesticated first with the aid of the Austronesian peoples. It was once transported with them at some point in the Indo-Pacific during the Austronesian expansion, reaching as far as Hawaii. Ginger is one of the first spices to have been exported from Asia, arriving in Europe with the spice trade, and was once used by historic Greeks and Romans. The distantly associated dicots in the genus Asarum are frequently known as wild ginger due to their comparable taste. In 2018, world manufacturing of ginger was 2.8 million tonnes, led by India with 32% of the world total.